Framework Agreement on Cooperation on the Nile Basin: an African Spring that takes place peacefully? Part V describes the dispute resolution procedures that could result from the implementation and implementation of the treaty. It also provides for the establishment of bilateral or multilateral instruments (agreements) that would complement the CFA. The treaty would create a legal basis for a permanent and common administrative institution, the Nile River Basin Commission (NRBC), which would be legally responsible and improve cooperation with the Nile. The NRBC will ensure that national development projects are coordinated with the development of the basin in order to optimize the use of basin resources and increase the national benefits of regional cooperation. Joint decision to allow more time to reach a common agreement The text of the Framework Cooperation Agreement (CFA) contains principles, rights and obligations for cooperative management and development of water resources in the Nile basin. Instead of quantifying „fair rights“ or water use responsibilities, the treaty aims to „promote integrated management, sustainable development and harmonious exploitation of the basin`s water resources, as well as their conservation and protection for current and future generations.“ To this end, the treaty provides for the establishment of a permanent institutional mechanism, the Nile Basin Commission (NRBC). The Commission would encourage and facilitate the implementation of the CFA and facilitate cooperation between the Nile Basin states in the conservation, management and development of the Nile basin and its waters. Draft agreement negotiated in its own right. There are many reservations („brackets“ – alternative texts that represent different positions). The text of the CFA was developed over more than a decade of intensive work (see Table 1). In March 2006, a draft CFA text was submitted to the Council of Water Ministers of the Nile Basin (Nile-COM) countries.
Nile-COM members concluded their negotiations on the CFA on 25 June 2007, all of which were lifted except reservations (Article 14 ter). G.G.`s final decision was to refer the reserve to its heads of state, as it represents „an underlying difference through ten years of negotiations.“ Reintegrate, re-opening the file at the ministerial level. the text or discussion paper containing principles, rights and obligations and institutions. 7 Member States agree to annex Article 14 ter for a subsequent solution by the NRBC; booking by Egypt; Sudan was not present at the time of the decision, but then expressed its reservation. Table 1: Evolution of the Framework Cooperation Agreement . . 4 countries (Ethiopia, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda) sign the CFA open in Entebbe, Uganda The treaty is subject to ratification. It will not enter into force until at least 60 days after six countries have ratified or acceded to the document and filed with the African Union. The signing of the CFA is an intermediate step through which countries demonstrate their willingness to ratify the treaty in the future; However, they are not required by law to ratify them. By signing the treaty, countries are required not to commit acts that would undermine the objective and purpose of the CFA. (Since March 2011, the CFA has been signed by six countries.
Until the treaty enters into force, the text can be renegotiated; If this results in text changes, the new document will again be subject to the two-stage signature and ratification process. The treaty has no legal value for states that do not sign or ratify it. Countries in the Nile basin that do not sign or ratify the CFA are not related to it. . The intended scope of the treaty and the use of terms are defined in Articles 1 and 2.